maanantai 8. helmikuuta 2016

Kangaspuut tutoriaali osa 2. ..- The loom tutorial part 2.


This tutorial is the same as the first part but I have translated this part in english.
As a project this is quite challenging and takes time but this kind of equipment is a nice addition into dollhouse decorations :-) .
Pictures are the key of this project. I suggest you to read this tutorial through before you start the project!
 Commercial use of this tutorial is prohibited!
***

 Required tools and materials:

Tools:

A metallic tool spike (To prepare the hole spot for drilling)
Drill and drill bits 1-2mm
A miter saw or miter saw-box with compatible saw
A jigsaw
Sandpaper
A carpet knife
Side cutters
scissors
A ruler
clippers
A rectangular tool or squared crafting platform
long pearl needle for weaving the strings
A pencil

Materials:

4mm plywood (.. etc..)
Round shaped wooden sticks (0.8-10mm)
Rectangular shaped wooden sticks (1cm x 0,5cm / 0,5cm x 0,5cm )
water-soluble stain (The shade I used in the loom was "cherry wood")
Strong metal wire (approximately 1mm)
Thin crochet yarn
pins
Wood glue / instant addhesive
wooden toothpicks
2 pcs. wooden pearls (5-8mm diameter)
small nails

Instructions:

Phase 1.

 I used 4mm plywood as material for the frame. However, sometimes there are situations when all materials are not for one reason or another at hand.. That is why your imagination is one of the most important tools!
You can adapt the instructions and materials as you see fit.
If the construction of the moving parts feel uncomfortable, you can build them solid.
This, however, is a decorative item and it is not ment to be used for weaving rugs even if it would be possible in theory.
You can print the patterns on paper in right size and cut the pieces off.
Alternative you can draw them directly into paper.
These dimensions are indicative and you can make these in any scale. You should fit parts together before adding glue. That makes it possible to do the required changes.
Draw all the patterns on plywood except the seat (Made of two Wooden slats and glued together..).
Use an electric jigsaw to cut the parts off from plywood sheet.
Cut the handrails of the loom from plywood or alternatively use stiffer wooden lath.
The picture above does not contain all the parts and some them are made of  wooden laths that are measured and cut into right size!

Phase 2.


When the parts are cut, they should be stained before gluing.
Let the parts dry properly.
You can use a straight edge or squared crafting platform when you glue the parts together.
Start glueing process by attaching vertical parts to the horizontal parts.
The part of the loom that holds the heddle reels are glued in the center of the side frame.
When the glue is dry, lift the side frames up and attach the upper railings to the back and front.
Lower struts are glued into the back side of the loom and in the center.



Phase 3.

Now it is time to make the upper reels that moves the heddeles and the carpet log / warp log..
In this case scenario you can choose either to make them rotary or immovable.
Measure the distance between the vertical parts that holds the heddles.
Cut a round wooden lath into three pieces that are appoximately 2mm narrower than the distance between the vertical parts that holds the heddles.
Stain the reels and let dry.
Draw the mid spots into the side sections of the reels and drill holes into them.
Take two of the reels and mark spots in 1cm distance of both sides. Drill holes all the way out of the marked spots.
Take side cutters and cut six pieces of iron wire.
Take three of the wires and glue them with instant addhesive in the other side of the three reels.
Mark spots to the vertical side parts and drill a hole in each spot.
(You can see the spots animated with red circles in the picture..)

Now it is time to attach the wooden reels in place.
Attach the wooden reels into places. Put a drop of instant addhesive into to other sides of the reels and press the iron wires into the holes at the same time as you put them in place.
The wooden reel that has no holes in it is placed in the middle.
Check that the reels rotates.
If you want to make an immovable solution, follow the instructions below:

Measure the exact distance between the vertical parts that holds the heddles.
Then mark the spots into round wooden lath and cut three pieces.
Take two of the reels and mark spots in 1cm distance of both sides. Drill holes all the way out of the marked spots.
Mark the spots of the reels into the vertical parts that holds the heddles.
(The spots are animated in the picture with red circles..)
Glue the reels into place.
The reel without the holes are placed in the middle.
Use clamps if nescessary.
The reel in the lower section should be assembed so the holes are pointing up.
The outmost part is assembled so the holes are in horizintal position.



A rug log and a warp log:

These two parts are movable!
Measure the distance between of side frames of the loom.
Mark the right spots and cut two, 2mm narrower pieces of round wooden lath.
Stain the logs and let dry.
Mark the hole spots in the sides of each log and drill holes.
Cut four pieces of iron wire. Attach one wire on both log. Use instant addhesive glue.
Mark the spots of both logs into side rails.
The right spot is animated in the picture!

Put a drop of instant addhesive into other side of the log . Put the log into its place and at the same time press the iron wire all way though.
When glue is dry, press the iron wire on the right with pliers and turn it into 90 degree angle.
That is the handle which is used to rotate the log.


Afterwards, cut the redundant iron wire section with side cutters.
Glue round wooden circles to cover the drill holes!
Stain the wooden circles.

Phase 4.

Next thing to do is to make a cogwheel and a stopper into both logs.
Take a couple toothpics and cut six pieces approximately 1cm pieces.
Glue them evenly distributed into left side of the log.
Stain the cogwheels after the glue is dry.


To make the stopper you need wood material that is appromately 5mm thick.
Draw approximately 1,5-2cm long, tear shaped blank into wooden trim/sheet.
Carve it into its right shape and finish the surface with sandpaper.


Mark the rotary spot into the stopper´s wider part and drill a hole all way through.
Place the stopper under the cogwheel and make sure that the place is right.
The place is right when the stopper is slightly against the cogwheel and it is able to keep the log steady.

Draw a spot for the stopper into side frame and drill a hole all way through.
Push a nail through the stopper and put it in place.
Cut the redundant part of the nail with side cutters though leaving a short "tail".
Glue a wooden circle to cover the drill hole. Press it with a help of a clamp.
This way the rotary of the stopper will be steady.





Stain the wooder circle and the stopper.
This phase is the same with both logs (carpet- / warp- )
Phase 5.

Next thing to do is the pedals that moves the heddles during the weawing process.
The pedals are made of 5mm x 5mm wooden lath. 

The pedal holder-element is made of a bit wider lath.
Drill holes for the rotary into to the pedal holder..
Drill holes also into sides of the pedals.
 One hole into end of the pedal and the other one is drilled a little further away from the other one.
Stain the parts and let dry.
Glue the pieces together.
Assemble the pedals into the holder.
Rotary is made of iron wire that goes pass the side through the pedals.
Glue wooden circles to cover the drill holes.

Stain the wooden circles after the glue is dry.
Glue the pedal holder into its place (Look at the picture below..)

Phase 6.
It is time to prepare the heddles..
Measure the distance of the vertical side parts that holds the heddles.
Cut four right size of parts from wooden lath.
Proper size is approximately 5mm narrower than the original size.
Drill holes on each corner of the laths.
Mark 20-25 evenly distributed spots on two laths.
Drill holes all way through.
Stain the parts and let dry.

Phase 7.
Next part is to tie the heddle strings.
I draw a picture of this phase to demonstrate the process.
Phase 8.

This phase is assembling the heddles in place.
Cut four proper pieces of cotton string.
Two of them will be attached into top reels and two of them are assembled into pedals through the reel in the middle.
Put the strings first into holes of upper and lower part of the heddles.
The string goes through the hole and comes back to the same side through the other hole.
Now the both ends of the strings are at the same side.
This phase applies to both heddles.

Threading the heddle strings into the pedals:

The upper strings:

The strings that comes from upper holes are threaded over the top reel (middle) and threaded through the holes from the outmost reel.
Make sure that the heddles are at right height and then tighten the strings.
Make double knots to make sure the strings stay put.
Cut out the dundant parts of the strings.
The upper part of the other heddle is threaded the same way as the other, but the outmost reel that rotates and moves the heddles, is turned as the knots are inside.
This way the heddles maintains the trajectory.
In theory, when the pedals are moving, the heddles are moves along.
When the other pedal is stamped down, the other heddle is higher than the other.

The lower strings of the heddles:
The lower strings of the heddles are threaded through the holes of the reel in the middle and tied into the pedals.
Thread the strings through wooden pearls.
When the strings are tighten, make sure the heddles are in at different heights.
The strings that are attached into upper heddle are tied into pedal that is up.
The strings that are attached into heddle that is lower than the other, is tied into the pedal that is stamped down.




I still must remind that this project is about making a miniature model that has more ornamental value than used as weaving!

Phase 9.

The laths that holds the warps:

Next thing to do is to cut laths for both logs.
I used a coffee mixing sticks.
Measure the distance between the log (carpet- / warp) so the lath don´t touch into the cogwheel.
Drill holes into both laths.





Stain the parts and let dry.
Thread strings through the holes and tie them into the logs.
Phase 10.

Making a batten:
Batten is assembled in a way that it is placed close to the front side of the loom.
The height of the batten´s side laths are measeured in a way that it´s trajectory is clear.
Mark the spot of the side of the batten on both sides and drill holes all way through.
Mark the spot of the axle into lower part of the batten.
Drill holes all way through.


Mid section of the batten:

For the mid section of the batten you need  thin wood strip.
Measure the inner lenghth of the loom. Reduce a measure of both side laths of the batten from the original length.
Cut four equal parts to make the mid section of the batten.
Make sure that the batten has enough space to move properly!

You need pins to make the spokes of the batten.
Cut the pins with side cutters into right lenght.
Spread glue on two strips and place the spokes evenly distributed.
Let the glue solidify a bit.
Then spread glue on other two strips and press them onto other two.
Check that the batten is straight.
Use clamps to make sure the batten will be sturdy.
Let the glue dry.




Glue the side parts into the mid section.
After the glue is dry, the batten is ready to be stained.

Put the batten in it´s place.
push nails through the holes. Cut the dundant pieces of the nails with side cutters.
Glue wooden circles onto the drill holes and stain the surface afterwards.


Phase 11.

Ty'ing the warps:
Cut approximately 50cm long threads from thin crochet yarn.
The amount of threads depends on how many you wan´t to have them.
I put 15 warps into my loom..
Tie the threads with double knots into lath of the warp-log (back side of the loom)
Use comb to straughten the warps.



Use needle to threading the warps though heddle strings.
The waprs are threaded through the heddle strings one at a time. First you push needle through between two heddle strings and the warp comes out through the hole between the two knots that are in the middle of the opposite side heddle string.
Next warp is threaded contrariwise. First you thread the warp through the hole between the two knots that are in the middle of the heddle string.
When the warp comes out from the other side the warp passes through two heddle strings.
Thread the warps through the batten.
All the threaded warps are tied into lath of the carpet log.
Use double knots.
Even out the warps by using comb.




Press the warps against the lath with a wooden stick.
Turn the handle slowly to wrap the warps around the log.
Tighten the warps carefullu by pulling the handle and lock the cogwheel with the stopper.




Phase 12.

Next phase is about building a chair and it´s holder..

The chair:

You need thin, approximately 3-4mm thick wood material.
Cut two pieces in in overall dimension of 3cm x 5cm. (2x 1,5cm / 2,5cm)
Draw a place for hole in the center.
Cut the holes with jigsaw.

Glue the parts together and let dry properly.

Measure the right height for the seat and cut four leg pieces.
Sand the edges of the chair legs a bit diagonal. This way the chair legs sits properly in their place.

Place the seat part a bit heigher and support the backround with something to make it stay traight.
Glue two of legs in place and let glue dry.
Turn around and glue the rest of the legs.



Stain the surface and leave dry.

Chair holder:

Measure the distance of lower, front side of the loom.
Cut approximately 1,5cm deep wooden strip.
Fit the part in it´s place but do not glue it yet!

Mark the spots of the holes where the front legs of the chair is placed.
Drill holes to the marked spots and shape them with jigsaw.
Stain the holder and let dry.
Glue the holder diagonally on it´s place.

You can finnish the project by glueing a wooden stopper behind the batten.
Stain the stopper and glue onto it´s place after it is dry.
Now the loom is ready to be placed into your dollhouse :-) !




<3 <3 <3








3 kommenttia:

  1. Es perfecto!!! Gracias por compartir!!
    Besos.

    VastaaPoista
  2. Amazing👏👏👏Thank you for your sharing.

    VastaaPoista
  3. Has hecho un esplendido tutorial. Muchas gracias. Aunque hay que pensárselo para hacerlo, tiene muchísimo trabajo.

    VastaaPoista

Kiitos kun piipahdit kurkistamassa miniatyyrimaailmaani <3 !
Thank you for stopping by at my miniature world <3 !